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geotechnical engineering

geotechnical engineering

geotechnical engineering




 Professions are different. And each of them is important. The profession of geotechnics is also important. Who is this? A geotechnician is a person who studies soils by their mechanics: compaction, shear resistance, and filtration. He also studies the laws that determine the nature of how much the soil can deform when wet, and under dynamic, temperature or other influences, under the influence of strong pressure - tension. Based on this, it should be understood that a geotechnician must necessarily own the theory of foundation engineering and underground construction. Moreover, the presence of practical experience is also desirable. A geotechnician must be well versed in the regional characteristics of engineering geology and all geological processes, especially if they carry a certain danger. Such are landslides, karst dips and flooding. All this is understandable, but let's talk in more detail about what kind of science this is called geotechnics.

  Quick reference

Geotechnics includes scientific methods and engineering principles of construction activities, where the materials of the earth's crust are actively used, using a combination of interrelated technical solutions, techniques and methods that allow the construction of underground parts of buildings and structures. Includes this process and methods of developing the underground space in order to be able to erect the buried premises.


  In general, geotechnics includes the laws of soil mechanics


. How to understand this? Soil mechanics is the degree of compaction, the ability to resist shear, and the level of filtration. Also, geotechnics is based on laws that determine the nature of how much soil can deform due to increased humidity, dynamic effects, or temperature increases. It was already mentioned above that a geotechnician must be well versed in the rules for the construction of foundations and underground construction in general. The same applies to science itself. It aims to determine in time the probability of landslides and other soil "traps". Such a comprehensive scientific field, such as geotechnics, was formed after the accumulation of knowledge and experience in the fields of:

  Soil science. Soil mechanics. Grounds and foundations.

Includes this science and related achievements in other disciplines that are directly related to construction. However, the biggest impetus to the development of geotechnics received when unique technical solutions were invented, and this happened in the second half of the twentieth century. These are walls in the ground, and anchors in the ground, and inkjet technology.


  What should know

A geotechnical specialist must ensure the safe operation of earthworks. To perform all the calculations correctly, he must be able to: Develop field geotechnical and laboratory soil testing programs in order to obtain reasonable characteristics of soil properties. Perform predicted calculations of geotechnical data using specific software and even entire software systems. To process laboratory and field studies of soils; Generate summary tables of calculated characteristics of soil properties; Accompany the necessary documentation to the competent authorities Recently, large construction companies are creating in their structures entire units involved in soil research. Thus, they provide themselves not only with high-quality documentation, but also receive the results of the economic efficiency of a particular project. Due to this, specialists working in structures of this kind become true “production scholars” who understand almost all the intricacies and nuances of design. Therefore, it is not at all surprising that modern geotechnicians are required to be well versed in design. Indeed, in their work, they increasingly have to deal with a single modeling system, where they have to take into account not only underground, but also aboveground buildings.

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